### C# Basic

### C# Interview Programs

- C# Interview Programs
- C# Abundant Number
- C# Amicable Number
- C# Armstrong Number
- C# Average of N Numbers
- C# Automorphic Number
- C# Biggest of three numbers
- C# Binary to Decimal
- C# Common Divisors
- C# Composite Number
- C# Condense a Number
- C# Cube Number
- C# Decimal to Binary
- C# Decimal to Octal
- C# Disarium Number
- C# Even Number
- C# Evil Number
- C# Factorial of a Number
- C# Fibonacci Series
- C# GCD
- C# Happy Number
- C# Harshad Number
- C# LCM
- C# Leap Year
- C# Magic Number
- C# Matrix Addition
- C# Matrix Division
- C# Matrix Multiplication
- C# Matrix Subtraction
- C# Matrix Transpose
- C# Maximum Value of an Array
- C# Minimum Value of an Array
- C# Multiplication Table
- C# Natural Number
- C# Number Combination
- C# Odd Number
- C# Palindrome Number
- C# Pascalβs Triangle
- C# Perfect Number
- C# Perfect Square
- C# Power of 2
- C# Power of 3
- C# Pronic Number
- C# Prime Factor
- C# Prime Number
- C# Smith Number
- C# Strong Number
- C# Sum of Array
- C# Sum of Digits
- C# Swap Two Numbers
- C# Triangular Number

# C# Program to Check Abundant Number

Photo Credit to CodeToFun

## π Introduction

In the realm of programming, understanding and identifying special types of numbers is a fascinating exploration. One such category is abundant numbers.

An abundant number, also known as an excessive number, is a positive integer that is smaller than the sum of its proper divisors (excluding itself).

In this tutorial, we will delve into a C# program designed to check whether a given number is an abundant number or not.

The program will employ logic to calculate the sum of the proper divisors of a number and determine if it exceeds the number itself.

## π Example

Let's take a look at the C# code that achieves this functionality.

```
using System;
class Program {
// Function to check if a number is abundant
static bool IsAbundant(int num) {
int sum = 1; // Start with 1 as every number is divisible by 1
// Iterate from 2 to the square root of the number
for (int i = 2; i * i <= num; ++i) {
if (num % i == 0) {
sum += i;
if (i != num / i) {
sum += num / i;
}
}
}
// If the sum of divisors exceeds the number, it is abundant
return sum > num;
}
// Driver program
static void Main() {
// Replace this value with your desired number
int number = 12;
// Check if the number is abundant
if (IsAbundant(number)) {
Console.WriteLine($"{number} is an abundant number.");
} else {
Console.WriteLine($"{number} is not an abundant number.");
}
}
}
```

### π» Testing the Program

To test the program with different numbers, simply replace the value of number in the Main method.

12 is an abundant number.

Compile and run the program to check if the number is an abundant number.

### π§ How the Program Works

- The program defines a function IsAbundant that takes a number as input and returns true if the number is abundant and false otherwise.
- Inside the function, it iterates through numbers from 2 to the square root of the given number to find its divisors.
- For each divisor found, it adds it to the sum, including the corresponding divisor on the other side of the square root.
- Finally, it compares the sum of divisors with the original number to determine if it is abundant.

## π Between the Given Range

Let's explore the C# code that checks for abundant numbers within the given range.

```
using System;
class Program {
// Function to check if a number is abundant
static bool IsAbundant(int number) {
int sum = 1; // Start with 1 as it is always a divisor
for (int i = 2; i * i <= number; i++) {
if (number % i == 0) {
sum += i;
if (i * i != number) // Avoid counting the same divisor twice for perfect squares
sum += number / i;
}
}
return sum > number;
}
// Driver program
static void Main() {
int lowerBound = 1;
int upperBound = 50;
Console.WriteLine($"Abundant numbers in the range {lowerBound} to {upperBound}:");
for (int i = lowerBound; i <= upperBound; i++) {
if (IsAbundant(i)) {
Console.Write($"{i} ");
}
}
Console.WriteLine();
}
}
```

### π» Testing the Program

The program is set to check for abundant numbers in the range from 1 to 50. You can adjust the range by modifying the values of lowerBound and upperBound in the code.

Abundant numbers in the range 1 to 50: 12 18 20 24 30 36 40 42 48

Run the program to see the abundant numbers within the specified range.

### π§ How the Program Works

- The program defines a function IsAbundant that checks if a given number is abundant.
- Inside the function, it iterates through potential divisors up to the square root of the number and accumulates the sum of divisors.
- The Main function tests for abundant numbers in the range from 1 to 50 and prints the results.

## π§ Understanding the Concept of Abundant Number

Before diving into the code, let's take a moment to understand abundant numbers. An abundant number is a positive integer for which the sum of its proper divisors (excluding itself) is greater than the number itself.

For example, the number 12 is abundant because its divisors (excluding 12) are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, and the sum of these divisors is 16, which is greater than 12.

## π’ Optimizing the Program

While the provided program is effective, there are opportunities for optimization, such as caching previously calculated divisor sums to avoid redundant computations.

Feel free to incorporate and modify this code as needed for your specific use case. Happy coding!

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